Thursday, July 18, 2019
History of Special Education Essay
The memoir of surplus study honorable as any(prenominal)(prenominal) history is a long battle that has been fought by more who c ard in format to arrive us to where we be today. Its Journey has and fork up be never ending since companionship is forever evolving. We will be bit for get even rights in cultivation and in life for many course of studys to pass since the definition of Special fostering is not a precise one. In this musical theme you will learn the basics of what injustices we collapse risen above, to the current landed e country we ar in, and even what possibilities the future may tie up for the Special program line T each(prenominal)er and the dust you will come to either eff or despise.Written documentation of the handling and schooling of battalion with Special unavoidably dates back to the beginning of time although nigh were killed before the 17th century and looked at as an abomination. It was not until the 17th coke that these nippe rren and adults were alive in institutions where people equal Phillipe Pinel, one of the founding fathers of modern psychopathology and distinguished determineer of internal medicine, began interposition of persons with mental illness using benignancy, respect, and the prevision of earmark behavior (Curtis, 1993 as cited in GCU, (n.d. ), para. 10).Pinel set the stage for more lionhearted individuals to rise above the norm of orderliness and treat people with Special unavoidably as human beings deserving of kindness and respects as others commit been toughened for years. Many more doctors, psychologists, and later teachers stood up to take the role as counselor for a person or grouping of people who were considered Special involve. It was not until the 1800s when we as a inn took recover to this lifetime of injustice that these people with Special involve had endured.In the 1820s a teacher and later doctor Samuel Gridley Howe taught a woman named Laura Bridgman, who was both deaf and blind, the inaugural principle in a Massachusetts check (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012). It was not until these remarkable fiddles that people started to retrieve that those with special needs were not horrifying and were capable of being taught the life skills society requires of us. Society took notice just if by no means were individuals with Special needs considered equal and deserving of the corresponding bringing up as those of the Caucasian race in the unify States at this time.Those with Special needs were shut away segregated in institutions and schools for people with the same needs just as people were segregated by the deform of their skin. It was not until 1954, and the support of the Supreme hook case Brown v. the Board of development, Topeka, KS. That it became the righteousness of the coupled States Government and their Public Education governance to teach every child even those with Special needs.This case make it so that NO CHILD could be discriminated against in the education system because of differences. In 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education lay out (ESEA) was enacted to mandate the educational system and provide guidelines for the type of education savants should receive provided loop holes were found and people were leave out. It was in 1972, that ALL children in the United States were mandated to develop a free, charm education and yes it was because of more court casesThis new justices services were still fair playfully provided in separate classrooms, further at to the lowest degree those classrooms were now mandated to follow the same educational goals as the General Education classrooms were providing their scholarly persons just at the level deemed get by the teacher (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012). After that in 1973, the political sympathies passed the Rehabilitation spot, which was the first polite Rights Educational reform which declargond segregation as an injustic e in any case of race, creed, or difference as well age and therefore illegal.Section 504 of this act requires the documentation and a description of any and all services needed for each school-age child to receive an appropriate education (GCU, 2008). In 1975, Congress enacted the first human being of Legislation that fully described and labeled what was the United States Special Education schema and what it consisted of. It was called the Education for wholly Handicapped Children characterization (GCU, 2008). The Final piece of Legislation was the Ameri lots with Disabilities make for of 1990.This act is the second piece of civilized Rights legislation in the history of the United States it mandates that any physically or mentally handicapped person receive equal opportunity in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local presidency services, and telecommunications (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012). The Education for All Handicapped Children Act legi slation, although it has under gone(a) many amendments is still used today.The newest amendment of the act is the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) the name was transmitd in 1990 and has under gone 2 re-authorizations since. This Law is there to difference other educational laws such as NCLB 2001 (the amendment to the ESEA for all students in the United States) and the two Civil Right Acts in order to ensure that any student with a disability receives a free and appropriate education. Since NCLB and IDEA provide federal reinforcement to the state and public schools they are super detailed and regulated to insure that they are followed.These details include, but are not limited to all disabled students must(prenominal) receive a free and appropriate education as any non disabled student in the in the least restive environment (LRE), nondiscriminatory identification (disability labeling), individualized education program (IEP), zero reject, due process safegu ards, and parent and student rights rules and regulations (GCU, (n. d. ), para. 14). thither are MANY things I would akin to purpose as changes for the upcoming re-authorization of IDEA, but these are the most important onesThe first Thing I would do is have a specific set of criteria that would train and define Special Education because there is not one definition of what our government considers Special Education. It needs to not be a blanket that sack be interpreted in so many ways this is why we have so many legal cases. Second if the government would like Highly Qualified Teachers then why is it that General Education teachers unaccompanied have to take 2 classes some the Special Education System tho every classroom in the U. S. is guaranteed to have at least one student with an IEPHeward cited that more than 6 million children and juvenility with disabilities, ages 3-21, received Special Education go during the 2005-2006 school year and that number has only continued to increase in grades foremost -7th due to early detection (U. S. part of Education, as cited in Heward, 2009, p. 10-11). Last, we consider Children with demeanor problems to be Special Education students, but they have to go through a huge system before we can get them help. Referral, FBA, BIP, BSP, IEP, and then they may be considered a Special Education Student.The law has it mandated that only a Behavior medical specialist can do the evaluations but by law they only require 1 Behavioral Specialist PER DISTRICT (Wheeler, J. , Richey, D. , 2010). It is up to the district to afford or high more at their discursion. The problem is that trail these evaluations and filling out this typography arrive at are not the only responsibilities in their job descriptions. So half (if not more in some districts) of the cases referred are not being diagnosed each year because there are not decent people on the job and hours in a school day (Wheeler, J. , Richey, D. , 2010).The only way a ny teacher can truly help all of the students they teach is by knowing the histories and laws of the Education System and the Special Education Services that are available to help them. These services and instructional methods are useful to any student who does not understand a root word at hand not just the ones labeled Special Education. We need to not wait for a diagnosis to help our students but start interventions immediately at the first sign of struggle. If the intervention does not help then refer the student for a Special Education military rank but never wait for a child to completely fail in order to seek help.In this paper you learned the basics of what injustices we have raise above throughout history, the current state which we are in, and what possibilities the future may necessitate for the Special Education Teacher and the system you have come to either making love or despise. The future is in your custody so go out and change the world one student at a time. References Curtis, R. H. (1993). Great lives medicine. New York maxwell Macmillan International. Encyclopedia Britannica. (2012). Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved on April 2, 2012, from www. britannica. com sumptuous canon University.(2008). Resource 2 Special Education Supplment. Retrieved on March 30, 2012, from Angels canon Connect, Additional Readings at www. my. gcu. edu Grand Canyon University. (n. d. ). SPE 526 Module 1 Readings. Retrieved on March 30, 2012, from Angels Canyon Connect, Module 1 Readings at www. my. gcu. edu Heward, William L. (2009). transcendent Children An Introduction to Special Education (9th ed. ). Columbus, OH promulgated by Merrill. Wheeler, J. , Richey, D. (2010). Behavior Management Principles and Practices of tyrannical Behavior Supports (2nd ed. ). Columbus, OH Merrill.